Frequency of Hepatitis C infection in diabetes mellitus


  • Masroor A Qazi
  • Fayyaz M
  • Hyuddin Ch G Muhyuddin
  • Aftab Jamil
  • Malik A H
  • Gardezi A I
  • Mh Bukhari



Diabetes Mellitus. Hepatitis C. Hospital. Ambulatory Care Facilities. Hepatitis C Antibodies. Diabetes Complications. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2. Hepacivirus. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1.


Place and duration of study: The study was conducted at diabetic clinic B.V. Hospital/Q.A.M.C Bahawalpur from December 1st, 2004 to March 15th, 2005. Background: Diabetes mellitus and hepatitis C infections are common and emerging problems of the society. Either diabetes mellitus is common in chronic hepatitis C patients as reported initially by Ellison and co-workers or hepatitis C infection is more frequent in diabetes mellitus. We want to study the frequency of hepatitis c infection in diabetes mellitus. Objectives: To study the frequency of hepatitis C infection in diabetic patients and to note any risk factors of diabetic patients predisposing to hepatitis C infection. Designs: A cross-sectionalObservational-descriptive analytic study. Subjects and Methods: A total of 250 consecutive diabetic patients of either sex were compared with 6574 blood donors for hepatitis c infection .They were evaluated for hepatitis C infection by using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA-3) which is an anti-HCV anti body test. On basis of this test, the patients were divided into two groups, anti-HCV +ve and anti-HCV -ye. Different variables of these patients were studied and compared in these two groups Variables studied were as follows:- Age, Sex, BMI, Mode of therapy area of their residence(rural or urban) Duration of diabetes mellitus, Blood pressure, Nephropathy and Control of diabetes mellitus. Results: Among a total of 250 patients, 120 (48%) were male and 130 (52%) were female. Two hundred and forty-four (97.6%) patients were of type-II DM and 06 (2.4%) patients were of type-I DM. 22 (8.8%) patients were on insulin therapy while 228 (91.2%) were on oral hypoglycemic agents. Anti-HCV test was positive in 69 (27.6%) diabetic patients as compared to blood donors 41 (0.62%). In anti-HCV positive group, longer duration of diabetic mellitus (15yrs 15.94%), poor control of diabetic mellitus(87%), insulin therapy(17.39%) hypertension(91.3%) and nephropathy(94.2%) were the significant vari ables while BMI, age, sex and whether they were belonging to either rural or urban area were not significant in both the groups. Conclusion: Hepatitis C infection is common in diabetic patients as compared to control group (27.6% vs 0.62%). Out of diabetic patients HCV infection is more common with longer duration of diabetic mellitus, poor control of diabetic mellitus, hypertension, nephropathy and insulin therapy.



How to Cite

Qazi, M. A., M, F., Muhyuddin, H. C. G., Jamil, A., A H, M., A I, G., & Bukhari, M. (2016). Frequency of Hepatitis C infection in diabetes mellitus. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 11(4).




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