Surgical outcome after femoral vessels ligation in I/V drug users


  • Intesarur Rashid Khan
  • Mohammad Akmal Shafiq
  • Bahzad Akram Khan



Drug Users. Drug Abuse. Substance Abuse, Intravenous. Substance Abuse Treatment Centers. Cognitive Therapy. Blood Vessels. Ligation. Heroin. Drug Administration Routes.


Intravascular drug abuse is being practiced with increasing frequency in our country, resulting in dreadful complications. A common complication of intravenous drug users is traumatic damage to tissues and organs secondary to injections, which depends on a number of factors which are difficult to quantify; local drug practices, the skill of the injector and the susceptibility of the individual. Objective: To study the incidence, limb complications and indications for limb amputation in intravenous drug abusers. Methods: A descriptive study on nineteen intravenous drug abusers was carried out at department of Surgery, Mayo hospital Lahore. Results: Entire limb survived in Eleven patients, Four had toe amputations, Three ended in below knee amputation and One in above knee amputation. Conclusion: Most of the affected limbs can survive despite the major vessels being tied due to development of collateral circulation.



How to Cite

Khan, I. R., Shafiq, M. A., & Khan, B. A. (2016). Surgical outcome after femoral vessels ligation in I/V drug users. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 10(4).