The Role of Sodium Tetradecycl Sulphate (S.T.D.) as Sclerosing Agent in the Management of 1st & 2nd Degree Haemorrhoids.
Keywords:Sodium tetradeeyl sulphate (STD), sclerosing agent
Haemorrhoids are common surgical problem all over the world. Various modalities for the treatment of haemorrhoids are there. However, efforts are being made to treat the haemorrhoids as outpatient procedure. Injection Sclerotherapy has been the orthodox treatment for early haemorrhoids. Various sclerosing agents have been used. 5% phenol in almond oil was more commonly used as, sclerosant. I carried out a prospective comparative study comprising the results of Sodium Tetra Decyl Sulphate (STD 3%) and phenol, as sclerosing agents. Fifty patients having cardinal symptoms of haemorrhoids, first and 2d degree were included ¡n the study; divided into two equal groups. The purpose of study was to assess the role of STD 3% (Sodium Tetra-Deeyl Sulphate) as sclerosing agent in the treatment of first and 2d degree haemorrhoids. All the patients were having bleeding symptoms in their presenting complaints. Prolapse was present in 52% patients of “STD group” and in 44% patients of “Phenol Group”. A final review by questionnaire was under taken one to six months later. Our results showed an overall success rate of 70% in STD group and 80% in phenol group regarding the control of bleeding and prolapse, which were the cardinal symptoms, in our patients. On these results we concluded that the results of both sclerosing agent were Comparable. Both were painless, effective, complication free and can safely be used in outpatient procedure as sclerosant. The results with 5% phenol in almond oil were better, superior and effective in controlling the symptoms of the patients. Along with that 5% phenol was cost effective by 3.5 times than STD 3%. However, its availability in the market sometimes becomes a problem.
How to Cite
This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments email@example.com