Audit of Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality at Neonatal Unit of Sir Gangaram Hospital Lahore
Objective: To know the disease pattern and causes of mortality of patients admitted to the neonatal unit of Sir Gangaram Hospital Lahore and to compare it re-gionally.
Design and Duration of Study: It was a descriptive study conducted from 1st Jan 2007 to 31st Dec 2007.
Patients and Methods: Data of all the patients admit-ted to the neonatal unit during study period was ana-lyzed for weight, age, sex, gestational age, place and mode of delivery and duration of stay and their out-come.
Results: Total of 1391 patients were admitted during study period. 945 (67.9%) were admitted at the age of less than 24 hours. 595 (42.8%) were preterm babies. 686 (49.3%) were low birth weight. 1124 (80.8%) were delivered in Sir Gangaram Hospital. Main causes of admission were prematurity 327 (23.5%), sepsis 305 (21.9%), and birth asphyxia 250 (18%), JNN 157 (11.3%). Neonatal mortality was 430 (30.9%). The main causes of neonatal mortality were prematurity 159 (11.4%), birth asphyxia 97 (7%) and sepsis 58 (4.2%).
Key Words: Neonates, morbidity, mortality, low birth weight.
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