Psychosocial Risk Factors Associated with Hypertension in Females of 18 â€“ 49 Years in a Community of Faisalabad
Objective: The objective of the study was to deter-mine the psychosocial risk factors associated with hypertension in females of 18 - 49 years in a commu-nity of Faisalabad in Punjab.
Study Design: Population based case control study.
Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in population of 10,240 females aged 18 - 49 living in union council 227 Faisalabad from Sep-tember 2010 to March 2011.
Methodology: The simple random sampling was done to identify the union councils and then study sub-jects. The cases and controls were selected among the females according to the sample size and sample sele-ction criteria.
Results: The frequency distribution and calculation of statistics showed the mean age 33.5 years, standard deviation 6.517, standard error = 0.461. In bivariate analysis the psychosocial factor that were found more significantly associated with hypertension were poor family bondage (OR 1.96, 95% CI 1.01 - 3.8) and joint family system (OR 0.483, 95% CI 0.248 - 0.942). It was observed that after controlling for all the factors studied the statistically significant association was exhibited by poor family bondage (OR = 8.846, 95% CI 1.865 - 41.944) and lack of physical exercise (OR 2.283, 95% CI 1.82 - 2.94).
Conclusion: The hypertension in females aged 18 - 49 years in an urban community of Faisalabad was associated with poor social bondage and lack of phy-sical exercise. Thus awareness programs should be initiated to decrease the risk factors.
Key Words: Hypertension, psychosocial, dietary factors.
How to Cite
This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments email@example.com