Incidence of Fatal Poisoning in the City of Lahore. A Retrospective Study During 1984-1988.
Keywords:: Intentional: Suicidal, homicidal. Unintentional: Accidental. Unintentional drug over dosage: Death with drug abuse
Death from poisoning is becoming common in Pakistan. Different causative factors are working for this emerging problem. A retrospective study (1984-88) was carried out to find various trends in fatal poisoning and correlate the findings with a variety of factors responsible for its occurrence. It was found that death due to poisoning was more in males (81.66%) as compared to females (18.33%) between 20 to 30 years. Suicidal poisoning was present in 35% of the total cases with barbiturate ingestion (2: 3). Death due to accidental poisoning (26.66%) was seen with Insecticides [Organophosphates and Chlorinated Hydrocarbons] (1:1.6). Accidental over dosage (30.00 %) was found to be fatal with opium alkaloids e heroin (1:1). We conclude, therefore, that more elaborate studies are required in this area of recent research to identify different causative agents resulting in deaths due to poisoning. It will help to adopt appropriate and adequate measures to save precious lives.
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