A Cross-Sectional Study of Happiness, Self-Esteem and Optimism in Medical Students

  • Aqsa Iqbal Central Park Medical College, Lahore 
  • Haleema Nawaz Central Park Medical College, Lahore 
  • Mirza Zeeshan Sikandar Central Park Medical College, Lahore 
  • Asim Mumtaz Central Park Medical College, Lahore 
  • Syed Imran Ali Shah Central Park Medical College, Lahore 
Keywords: Medical student, Happiness, Optimism, Self-esteem, Medical studies

Abstract

Objective: Medical students are exposed to a multitude of stressors which contribute to diminution of happiness. Self-esteem and optimism go hand in hand with happiness. Lack of the former two may further curtail the latter. The present study looked to determine interdependence between happiness, self-esteem and optimism among medical undergraduates, and discern any gender based differences between them.                            .                                                        
Methods: In this cross-sectional research, medical students (n=173) were subjected to three validated psychological instruments namely Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES) and Life Orientation Test (LOT). Students were grouped as happy/unhappy, having higher self-esteem/lower self-esteem, and as optimistic/pessimistic on basis of their mean scores. SHS, RSES and LOT scores were also collated with gender. Comparative and co relational assessments were carried out using independent sample T-test and Pearson’s correlation, respectively.

Results: Low frequencies of happiness (46.24%), self-esteem (52.60%) and optimism (49.13%) were observed. Significant correlation was found between the three parameters (RSES vs. SHS; Pearson’s R= 0.369, p= 0.001) (LOT vs. SHS; Pearson’s R= 0.323, p= 0.001) (RSES vs. LOT; Pearson’s R= 0.271, p= 0.001). Gender based analysis did not show any difference in self-esteem (mean score; males 27.70 vs. females 28.02, p= 0.726) and optimism (mean score; males 15.41 vs. females 14.98, p= 0.550). However, there was a significant difference in happiness (mean score; males 19.77 vs. females 17.81, p= 0.017).                                        .
Conclusion: A major part of the medical student population is unhappy, pessimistic and has low self-esteem. Psycho-social measures should be implemented to curb such damaging elements.                .

Author Biographies

Aqsa Iqbal, Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

MBBS Student,

Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

Haleema Nawaz, Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

MBBS Student,

Central Park Medical College, Lahore

Mirza Zeeshan Sikandar, Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

MBBS Student,

Central Park Medical College, Lahore

Asim Mumtaz, Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

Central Park Medical College, Lahore

Syed Imran Ali Shah, Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

Central Park Medical College, Lahore 

Published
2019-10-12
How to Cite
Iqbal, A., Nawaz, H., Sikandar, M. Z., Mumtaz, A., & Ali Shah, S. I. (2019). A Cross-Sectional Study of Happiness, Self-Esteem and Optimism in Medical Students. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 25(3). Retrieved from https://annalskemu.org/journal/index.php/annals/article/view/3044
Section
Articles