Gender Based Comparative Morphometric Analysis Of Adult Nose
Background: The measurements of nose is important cosmetically and medico legally. It is being done since Greek age. In modern times its importance is increased.
Objective: To determine the values of morphometric measurements from nose of adult males and females and to compare them with each other.
Material & Method: This Comparative cross sectional study was conducted at Mayo Hospital Lahore during April 2014 to December 2014. Total of 210 subjects were recruited initially, while 10 patients did not follow. So total 200 patients were studied. Surface measurements were taken directly from the nose of all subjects. Data was recorded and analyzed in SPSS.
Results: Mean length of dorsum of nose was 5.22±0.41 cm in males and 4.74±0.31cm in females. Nasal width was 3.91±0.26cm in males and 3.79±0.28cm in females. Distance between nasal tip and level of upper lip was 1.21±0.29cm in males and 1.42±0.22cm in females. Naso-frontal angle was 151.18±5.33° in males and 148.75±6.25° in females. Naso-labial angle was 105.25±11.01° in males and 109.53±9.35° in females. Stomion- Menton (SM) distance was 4.37±0.43cm in males and 4.05±0.30cm in females. Nasal root width was 1.69 cm in males and 1.41 cm in females.
Conclusion: Data explained that nose of male is longer and wider as compared to females. Nasal length is greater than SM distance. Nasal root is narrow in our population. Naso-frontal angle is greater in males as compared to females while naso-labial angle is greater in females as compared to males.
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