Obstetrics Outcome of Cases Referred to Tertiary Care Hospital after Trial of Labour
Introduction: Labour is the physiological process with its inherent risk of complications so it requires supervision by skilled birth attendants. Delivery con-ducted by untrained birth attendants has a 4.67 times higher mortality rate as compared to the one conducted by SBAs. This study was conducted to determine feto-maternal outcome of cases referred to Fatima Memo-rial Hospital, after a trial of labour by TBA’s.
Objectives: To determine feto-maternal outcome and to identify factors associated with adverse obstetric outcome.
Study Design: Case series descriptive study.
Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore.
Duration with Dates: Six months from 1st April 2011 to 30th September 2011.
Subjects and Methods: One hundred patients who were admitted through emergency after a trial of labo-ur by traditional birth attendants (TBAs), lady health visitors (LHVs) or doctors at home or private clinics were managed and followed in the department of gy-necology and obstetrics Unit II. Patients were clini-cally evaluated and relevant investigations were car-ried out in all patients. Final diagnosis was made on the basis of history, clinical examination and investi-gations. Data collection too was structured proforma specifically designed for the purpose.
Results: Mean age of the patients was 27.28 ± 5.13 years. Fever was the most common complication fou-nd in 69 (69%) patients. Antepartum hemorrhage occ-urred in 22 (22%) cases. Postpartum hemorrhage com-plicated 46 (46%) pregnancies leading to shock in 51 (51%) patients. Oligohydramnios was observed in 35 (35%) patients and uterine rupture in 5 (5%) cases. There were 3 (3%) maternal deaths.
Low Apgar score was observed in 36 (36%) ba-bies. Meconium staining was present in 34 (34%) cases and 34 (34%) babies needed hospitalization. (Fe-tal growth restriction was found in 23 (23%) patients. There were 23 (23%) fetal neonate deaths.
Conclusion: Postpartum hemorrhage led to maternal and fetal complications in majority of the patients whi-ch was not handled appropriately and immediately.
Key Words: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), Oligo-hydramnios, shock.
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