THE COMPOSITION OF URINARY STONES IN CENTRAL SINDH

Authors

  • Jan Muhammad Memon
  • Syed Qaiser Hussain Naqvi
  • Ali Gohar Bozdar
  • Muhammad Hassan Khaskheli
  • M. Amin Athar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v20i1.598

Abstract

ABSTRACT:

Objective:

To determine chemical analysis of urinary stones of central sindh.

Study design:

Prospective and randomized study.

Setting:

Department of Surgery and Pathology of Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences Nawabshah .

Duration of study:

Three years from May2008 to May 2011.

Material and Methods:

Total 106 urolith patients who underwent open stone surgery were included in the study. EDTA Titration used for determination of calcium ions and determination of oxalate, phosphate, magnesium, ammonia, uric acid and cystine stones was carried out using spectrophotometer. These patients were asked to fill out a proforma with parameters of age, sex, radiological location of stone and chemical composition of surgically recovered stones. The stone analysis findings were reviewed and compared with other reported series

Results:

In this study 75(70.75%) patients were male and 31 (29.25%) female. Male to female ratio was of 2.41:1. The age ranged from 1 to 70 years with the mean of 22.69 years. The peak incidence of upper urinary tract stone in 20-30 years and lower urinary tract stones in both sexes was under 10 years. Anatomical location of stone showed 48(45.29%) renal, 13(12.26%) ureteric and 45(42.45%) bladder calculi. Chemical analysis revealed 56(52.8%) calcium oxalate, 7(6.6%) calcium phosphate, 11(10.3%) ammonium urate, 18(16.9%) uric acid, 13(12.2%) Sturvite and 1(0.9%) cystine calculi.

Conclusion:

It was concluded that urolithiasis is predominantly male disease. No age group was spared to stone disease. Calcium oxalate, uric acid, ammonium urate and mixed calculi are the main types in our study due to poor nutritional status, poverty and inadequate health facilities. Considering that  knowledge of stone composition is of utmost importance to modify the incidence of  urolithiasis.

Keywords:

Chemical composition, Urolithiasis.

How to Cite

Memon, J. M., Naqvi, S. Q. H., Bozdar, A. G., Khaskheli, M. H., & Athar, M. A. (1). THE COMPOSITION OF URINARY STONES IN CENTRAL SINDH. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 20(1), 85. https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v20i1.598

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