Atrial Fibrillation in Mitral Stenosis and its correlation with age, sex & clinical symptoms
Keywords:Mitral Stenosis. Atrial Fibrillation. Heart Atria. Mitral Valve Insufficiency. Rheumatic Heart Disease. Echocardiography, Transesophageal. Echocardiography. Mitral Valve. Heart Conduction System.
Objective: The objective of the study was to calculate the frequency of atrial fibrillation of MS and its correlation with age, sex and clinical symptoms. Design: A prospective descriptive study. Place: Mayo Hospital & Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore. Patients and methods: 112 patients of mitral stenosis were investigated with an ECG and an echocardiography to confirm mitral stenosis and to measure anteroposterior left atrial dimensions on M-mode. All patients who were suffering from AF due to causes other than mitral stenosis were excluded. The significance of findings were tested through standard "t"test. Results: Atrial fibrillation is more in female patient and has a linear correlation with age. More common symptoms of shortness of breath followed by palpitation.
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