Early surgery for pulmonary Tuberculosis

Early surgery for pulmonary Tuberculosis


  • Aamir Bilal
  • Muhammad Salim
  • Muhammad Shoaib Nabi
  • Muhammad Muslim
  • Zaman M,
  • Javaid A
  • Khan Y
  • Manzoor Ahmed
  • Shahjehan Ahmed




Tuberculosis, Pulmonary. Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant. Antitubercular Agents. Empyema, Tuberculous. Sputum. Pneumonectomy. Tuberculosis, Pleural. Tuberculoma.


Objective: The purpose of our study was to analyze current indications for surgery in tuberculosis and evaluate the outcome of early surgical intervention. Place and duration of study: Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from June 2000 to July 2004. Material & methods: Total number of cases was 132; M: F 105: 27. Age range was 20 to 79 years. Mean age was 48.4 years. The indications for surgical intervention included 5 cases of pulmonary aspergillioma, 9 cases of pneumothorax; 3 cases of pulmonary nodes and masses without histological diagnosis, 15 cases bronchiectasis, 12 cases of massive hemoptysis and 82 cases of pleural empyema while six patients with multi drug-resistant tuberculosis required surgical intervention. Results: The techniques utilized included lobectomy in 45 cases, pleural drainage in 20 cases, segmented pulmonary resection in 32 cases, surgical procedures on the chest wall in 17 cases, pneumonectomy in 10 cases, decortication in 8 cases. In 22 cases two or more procedures were performed on the same patient. In 26(19.6%) cases various complications were noted of which wound infection was the most frequent. There was a mortality rate of 3.3% (4 cases). Conclusion: Surgical treatment is indicated for the complication of TB and management of MDR TB. Early surgery is beneficial in patients whose disease is still localized and who can tolerate resection surgery; of particular importance is a healthy opposite lung, on which the patient would be dependent during and immediately after surgery.




How to Cite

Bilal, A., Salim, M., Nabi, M. S., Muslim, M., M, Z., A, J., … Ahmed, S. (2016). Early surgery for pulmonary Tuberculosis. Annals of King Edward Medical University, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.21649/akemu.v11i3.1003



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