Surgical management of pericardial diseases
Keywords:Tuberculosis. Bacterial Infections. Pericarditis. Cardiovascular Infections. Pericardium. Pericarditis, Tuberculous. Antitubercular Agents. Heart Diseases. Pericardial Effusion.
Tuberculosis and purulent pericarditis are the most common causes of pericardial effusion and constriction. Chronic constrictive pericarditis is a chronic inflammatory process that involves both fibrous and serous layers of the pericardium and leads to pericardial thickening and compression of the ventricles. The resultant impairment in diastolic filling reduces cardiac function. Pericardiectomy remains the treatment of choice for chronic constriction. A review of 72 cases at department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Lady Reading Hospital is presented. There was a mortality of 12% and a morbidity of 20%. Forty seven of the 72 cases were tuberculous. The surgical excision of pericardium remains the only available curative treatment for constrictive pericarditis, while open pericardial drainage is required for cardiac tamponade resulting from pericardial effusion.
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