Risk Factors and Early Prognosis in Stroke
Keywords:Stroke, cerebrovascular disease, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage
AbstractStroke is still a common disabling and devastating disorder in spite of new post stroke treatment strategies. In this prospective study of 100 CT scan confirmed cases, we identified the risk factors and assessed the immediate prognosis. Analysis of the data showed ischaemic stroke to be 61%, cerebral hemorrhage 34% and subarachnoid hemorrhage 5%. The most likely stroke prone age in both sexes was 60-70 years. Hypertension (58%), ischaemic heart disease (35%), smoking (27%) and diabetes mellitus (18 %) were most commonly associated with increased risk for stroke. Overall stroke related in hospital mortality in this series was 17%. 60% patients of subarachnoid hemorrhage, 23% of cerebral hemorrhage and 9.8 % of cerebral infarction died of their diseases. Immediate functional outcome was better in cases of cerebral infarction.
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