The diagnosis and management of the urological complications of Renal Transplantation: a series of 1100 patients
Keywords:Transplantation, Renal. Urologic Diseases. Living Donors. Urology. Pancreas Transplantation. Graft Rejection. Tissue Donors. Transplantation, Homologous. Graft Survival.
Objective: To analyse the Urological Complications after Renal Transplantation and their management. Material and methods: -A retrospective analysis of 1150 consecutive live donor renal transplants was performed. The study period extended from December 1995 to December 2004. The surgical procedure for ureteral reimplantation was modified Lich anastomosis. Ultrasonography, renal scanning, antegrade pyelography, retrograde pyelography and cystography were the diagnostic tools. Results: -Overall, 68 primary urological complications (5.9%) were identified during the 15-year experience in 65 patients. The Urological Complications in our series included 35 ureteral obstruction (3.0%), 25 ureteral or bladder leaks (2.17%), 05 out flow obstruction, 02 cases of vesicoureteral reflux and 01 case of ureteral stone. Conclusion: The incidence of Urological Complications in our study is 5.9%. Early exploration of the ureteric leaks and timely intervention to obstructed kidney reduced the morbidity and improves graft su rvival. The causes of these complications and techniques for their prevention are discussed in this study.
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